Create-Website

Question: What’s the best way to have standardized websites accross server(s)?
Answer: Using a script to create them! Thus, all websites will meet the same standards

In this example, the only mandatory parameter is the website display name. All others have default values, but the script will list them and ask confirmation before creating the website.
Furthermore, a selection of the IP address to use is required (yes, a webserver can have multiple IP address configured, I hope so by the way, at least two -one for the admin network-).

<# .SYNOPSIS     Create-Website - Automatic website creation. .DESCRIPTION     Create-Website - Automatic website creation     Allow to create a website and its ApplicationPool. Some tuning is included .PARAMETER SiteName     Defines the display name (in IIS Manager) of the website     Mandatory parameter. .PARAMETER Port     Defines the listening port for the website     Default is "80". .PARAMETER HostName     Defines the first URL that the website is authorized to respond     Default is "*" (Not recommended). .PARAMETER Environment     Defines the website environment. This will be added as suffix in the website display name     Possible values are "PROD", "PREPROD", "INTEG", "QUAL" or "DEV"     Default is "PROD". .PARAMETER Identity     Defines the identity type to be used for the ApplicationPool     Possible values are "0" (LocalSystem), "1" (LocalService), "2" (NetworkService), "3" (SpecificUser) or "4" (ApplicationPoolIdentity)     Default is "2" (NetworkService). .PARAMETER Runtime     Defines the Managed Runtime to be used for the ApplicationPool     Possible values are "v1.1", "v2.0" or "v4.0"     Default is "v2.0". .PARAMETER Pipeline     Defines the Managed Pipeline Mode to be used for the ApplicationPool     Possible values are "Classic" or "Integrated"     Default is "Integrated". .NOTES     File Name  : CreateWebsite.ps1     Author     : Fabrice ZERROUKI - fabricezerrouki@hotmail.com .EXAMPLE     PS D:\>Create-Website.ps1 -SiteName TESTSITE
    Creates a website named 'TESTSITE-PROD', listening on the TCP80 port (default value), responding to 'http://*' (default value). The associated ApplicationPool 'TESTSITE' running with the identity 'NetworkService' (default value), v2.0 .NET Framework managed runtime (default value) and 'Integrated' managed pipeline mode (default value).
.EXAMPLE
    PS D:\>Create-Website.ps1 -SiteName TESTSITE -Port 8080 -Environment PREPROD -Runtime v4.0 -Pipeline Classic
    Creates a website named 'TESTSITE-PREPROD', listening on the TCP8080 port, responding to 'http://*' (default value). The associated ApplicationPool 'TESTSITE' running with the identity 'NetworkService' (default value), v4.0 .NET Framework managed runtime and 'Classic' managed pipeline mode.
#>
Param(
    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true, HelpMessage="You must provide a display name for the website.")]
    $SiteName,
    $Port="80",
    [ValidatePattern("([\w-]+\.)+[\w-]+(/[\w- ;,./?%&=]*)?")]
    $HostName="*",
    [ValidateSet("PROD", "PREPROD", "INTEG", "QUAL", "DEV")]
    $Environment="PROD",
    [ValidateSet("0", "1", "2", "3", "4")]
    $Identity="2",
    [ValidateSet("v1.1", "v2.0", "v4.0")]
    [string]$Runtime="v2.0",
    [ValidateSet("Classic", "Integrated")]
    [string]$Pipeline="Integrated"
    )

switch ($Identity)
    {
        0 {$FullIdentity="LocalSystem"}
        1 {$FullIdentity="LocalService"}
        2 {$FullIdentity="NetworkService"}
        3 {$FullIdentity="SpecificUser"}
        4 {$FullIdentity="ApplicationPoolIdentity"}
    }

Function Ask-YesOrNo
{
param([string]$title="Confirmation needed.",[string]$message="Parameters that will be used by the script are listed above.`nIf you want to modify one or more parameter, please restart the script and specify the wanted parameters.`nAny not defined parameter uses its default value.`r`nDo you want to continue with the above parameters?`n")
$choiceYes = New-Object System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription "&Yes", "Answer Yes."
$choiceNo = New-Object System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription "&No", "Answer No."
$options = [System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription[]]($choiceYes, $choiceNo)
$nresult = $host.ui.PromptForChoice($title, $message, $options, 1)
switch ($nresult)
    {
        0 {"OK, we can continue..."}
        1 {"Bye bye!" ; exit}
    }
}

Write-Host "`n**********************************************************" -ForegroundColor Yellow
Write-Host "*`t`tAutomatic Website Creation" -ForegroundColor Yellow
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Parameters"
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Website Name (-SiteName):`t`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$SiteName" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Website Port (-Port):`t`t`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$Port" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Website Hostname (-Hostname):`t`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$HostName" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Website Environment (-Environment):`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$Environment" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " AppPool Identity (-Identity):`t`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$FullIdentity ($Identity)" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Managed Runtime (-Runtime):`t`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "v$Runtime" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow -nonewline; Write-Host " Managed Pipeline Mode (-Pipeline):`t" -nonewline; Write-Host "$Pipeline" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen
Write-Host "*" -ForegroundColor Yellow
Write-Host "**********************************************************" -ForegroundColor Yellow

Ask-YesOrNo
if ($nresult -eq "$false") {exit}

if ($Identity -eq "3") {
$AppPoolUser=Read-Host "`nPlease provide username for the ApplicationPool identity"
$AppPoolPwd=Read-Host "Please provide the password for '$AppPoolUser' user" -AsSecureString
}

function Read-Choice {
    Param(
        [System.String]$Message,
        [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
        [System.String[]]$Choices,
        [System.Int32]$DefaultChoice=1,
        [System.String]$Title=[string]::Empty
    )
    [System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription[]]$Poss=$Choices | ForEach-Object {
        New-Object System.Management.Automation.Host.ChoiceDescription "&$($_)", "Sets $_ as an answer."
    }
    $Host.UI.PromptForChoice($Title, $Message, $Poss, $DefaultChoice)
}

function Select-IPAddress {
    [cmdletbinding()]
    Param(
        [System.String]$ComputerName='localhost'
    )
    $IPs=Get-WmiObject -ComputerName $ComputerName -Class Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -Filter "IPEnabled='True'" | ForEach-Object {
        $_.IPAddress
    } | Where-Object {
        $_ -match "^(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])$"
    }

    if($IPs -is [array]){
        Write-Host "`nServer $ComputerName uses these IP addresses:"
        $IPs | ForEach-Object {$Id=0} {Write-Host "${Id}: $_" -ForegroundColor Yellow; $Id++}
        $IPs[(Read-Choice -Message "`nChoose an IP Address" -Choices (0..($Id-1)) -DefaultChoice 0)]
    }
    else{$IPs}
}
$ChosenIP=Select-IPAddress
Write-Host "`nThe selected IP address is: $ChosenIP`n" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen

$SiteName += "-$Environment"
# Create the website directory
Write-Host "Creating application directory" -ForegroundColor Yellow
$WWWPath = "C:\inetpub\wwwroot"
$SitePath = "$WWWPath" + "\" + "$SiteName"
if (!(Test-Path $SitePath)) {
    New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path $SitePath
}

# Creates the website logfiles directory
Write-Host "Creating application logfiles directory" -ForegroundColor Yellow
$LogsPath = "C:\inetpub\logs\LogFiles"
$SiteLogsPath = "$LogsPath" + "\" + "$SiteName"
if (!(Test-Path $SiteLogsPath)) {
    New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path $SiteLogsPath
}

Import-Module "WebAdministration" -ErrorAction Stop
if ($Pipeline -eq "Integrated") {$PipelineMode="0"} else {$PipelineMode="1"}

# Creates the ApplicationPool
Write-Host "Creating website application pool" -ForegroundColor Yellow
New-WebAppPool –Name $SiteName -Force
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\AppPools\" + $SiteName) -Name processModel.identityType -Value $Identity
if ($Identity -eq "3") {
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\AppPools\" + $SiteName) -Name processModel.username -Value $AppPoolUser
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\AppPools\" + $SiteName) -Name processModel.password -Value $AppPoolPwd
}
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\AppPools\" + $SiteName) -Name managedRuntimeVersion -Value $Runtime
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\AppPools\" + $SiteName) -Name managedPipelineMode -Value $PipelineMode

# Creates the website
Write-Host "Creating website" -ForegroundColor Yellow
New-Website –Name $SiteName -Port $Port –HostHeader $HostName -IPAddress $ChosenIP -PhysicalPath $SitePath -ApplicationPool $SiteName -Force
Set-ItemProperty ("IIS:\Sites\" + $SiteName) -Name logfile.directory -Value $SiteLogsPath

Start-WebAppPool -Name $SiteName
Start-WebSite $SiteName

Write-Host "Website $SiteName created!" -ForegroundColor DarkGreen

Warning Hardcoding Warning: Two paths are hardcoded!

  1. l. 142 IIS Inetpub root > ‘C:\inetpub\wwwroot’
  2. l. 150 IIS access logs root > ‘C:\inetpub\logs\LogFiles’

Make sure these paths are valid for you, or update it…

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